Profession of “lawyer” is regulated in Ukraine that is confirmed by legislation of Ukraine. UKRAINE SUPREME LEGAL COUNCIL is the national registration authority that regulates the procedures for access to the legal profession. At the moment, both registration in USLC and obtaining of legal education are required for several professions: notary, lawyer, prosecutor, judge, trustee in bankruptcy etc.
Legal education is a part of specialized education regulated by the country that provides preparation for lawyers. System of legal education in Ukraine includes higher legal education, complete higher legal education, postgraduate legal education. Ukraine’s higher education system is based on Constitution of Ukraine, the Laws of Ukraine: “On education”, “On higher education”, “On Scientific and Scientific and Technology Activities” etc.; on international agreements of Ukraine. Obtaining of a higher university degree is realized basing on several levels, which are relevant to levels of National Qualifications Framework (NQF):
Graduation (obtaining higher legal education) means that person has successfully completed appropriate educational programme. It provides receiving of specific qualification level, degree: Bachelor of Law; Master of Law; PhD in Law; Doctor of Law.
Bachelor of Law is an educational degree that is acquired at the first level of higher legal education and is award by a higher education institution to a degree-seek student after successful completion of the educational and professional programme the scope of which is 180-240 ECTS credits.
Master of Law is an educational degree that is acquired at the second level of higher legal education and is awarded by a higher education institution to a degree-seeking student after successful completion of the relevant educational program. The Master’s degree is acquired according to educational and professional or educational-and-scientific programmes. The scope of educational and professional Master’s training programme makes 90-120 ECTS credits, whereas the scope of educational and scientific programme makes up 120 ECTS credits.
PhD in Law is an educational and at the same time the first academic degree which is acquired at the third level of higher education based on the Master’s degree. Ph.D. degree is awarded by a specialized Academic Board of a higher education institution or research institution as a result of the successful completion by a degree-seeking student of the relevant educational-and-scientific programme and public defense of the thesis at the specialized Academic Board.
A person has the right to acquire Ph.D. while studying at the graduate training (postgraduate training). The scope of the educational component of the educational and scientific training programme for Ph.D. is 30-60 ECTS credits.
Doctor of Law is the second degree which is acquired by a person on a scientific level of higher legal education based on the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and provides the acquisition of the highest competences in the area of development and implementation of the research methodology, carrying-out original research. Ph.D. is awarded by the specialized Academic Board of the Higher Education Institution or academic institution based on the results of public defense of scientific achievements in the form of a thesis or published monograph.
The document on higher education (academic degree) is issued to a person who successfully completed the appropriate educational (academic) programme and has been certified. An integral part of the diploma of Bachelor, Master and Ph.D. is the annex to the diploma according to the European model containing structured information about completed training.
Legal education quality assurance (LECA) consists of:
For detailed information about national system of higher education, please, visit website of Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine.
To ensure the proper functioning of jurisprudence in Ukraine as a profession, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine represented by the relevant ministries, namely the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, the national registration authority represented by Ukrainian Supreme Legal Council, unions and independent self-governing organizations exist, whose main activity is to assist lawyers in carrying out their professional duties. In addition, the legal profession is regulated by specialized laws, where the regulatory bodies are Bar Councils of Ukraine and regions, the National Bar Association of Ukraine, the High Council of Justice, the High Qualification Commission of Judges of Ukraine, the Notary Chamber of Ukraine, etc.
USLC functions as a national registration body that carries out activities aimed at registering lawyers in Ukraine.
Acquired legal education gives a person / holder of the relevant diploma the right to be recognized as a specialist in law – a lawyer. In order to obtain the status of a lawyer a person performs a number of actions, the list of which includes the initial registration by USLC.
Registration in the USLC is a procedure according to which a person who has successfully completed an educational program and mastered the key criteria for mastering the profession, has the right to apply to the registration authority for official registration of their professional status in Ukraine.
USLC, as a registration body, conducts a relevant inspection of the documents submitted by a person for their compliance with applicable law and establishes a fact that has legal significance, namely, provides REGISTRATION OF PROFESSIONAL STATUS.
Every profession, especially a lawyer, is endowed with a number of commonly important criteria, as lawyers work with the legislation, analyze the dynamics of its changes, form legislative practice, and interact with public authorities and local governments.
Starting with 2016, there was no single registration body in Ukraine that would have provided a proper service in terms of confirmation of professional competence in the relevant professional field, completion of a proper legal registration of relevant rights and reflecting the disciplinary status of the person against whom a decision should be made.
Functions’ execution of the registration body is provided by formation of the unified structured base (Register) on a professional direction for the purpose of establishment of a universal confirmation way of the declared information during employment, studying, internship, etc.
The data of the register reflects information about the candidate, obtained qualification, registered right to execute professional activity in Ukraine, form of activity, as well as other important information. The path of a person who has expressed a desire to become a lawyer is quite difficult and consists of a number of STEPS. Let’s consider it in details.
The first step
Graduation from school or college. Students can gain a full general secondary education in secondary and specialized schools, boarding schools, gymnasiums, lyceums, colleges and other general educational institutions with a third level of accreditation. Complete general secondary education can also be provided by vocational and higher educational institutions of I-II levels of accreditation. Persons who have passed the state final attestation are issued a certificate of complete general secondary education. School leavers who have high academic achievements are awarded a gold medal – “For high academic achievements” or a silver – “For academic achievements” and receive a certificate of complete secondary education with honors. Along with the certificate, an appendix to it is issued, which indicates the achievements of students in points. 11th form graduates who are not certified in at least one subject are issued a report card, in which such subjects are recorded “not certified (for)”. After graduation, graduates write an External Independent Assessment (a written exam in the form of a test in one or more of their chosen subjects required for admission to a higher education institution) in the subjects required for admission to a higher education institution. Subjects vary by the university itself, according to the requirements for admission.
Registration and preparation to external evaluation. Providing external independent evaluation is carried out by the Ukrainian Center for Educational Quality Assessment – in cooperation with local education authorities, regional institutes of postgraduate pedagogical education and educational institutions. A person who has completed or will have completed general secondary education in the current academic year and has registered in accordance with the accepted requirements may take part in the external assessment. To be successfully registered for an external independent evaluation, you must create and issue a registration card, create a set of registration documents and submit it to the person responsible for registration in the educational institution (for school leavers, students of vocational schools and colleges who are graduating this year) or send it to the relevant regional center for the evaluation of the quality of education (for graduates of previous years). The set of registration documents must contain:
The registration card must be generated using a special service ” to be Registered“. To enter the law faculties of higher educational institutions, it is necessary to pass an external examination in such subjects as Ukrainian language and literature, English language, history of Ukraine. For more information on conducting an external independent evaluation, see the link.
Getting results. The result of the external examination is showed in the standard-issue certificate, which provides information about the completed subjects and points obtained. External evaluation results are credited as admission tests to a higher education institution. The average score of the certificate of Secondary Education is also taken into account during the competition to the university.
The second step
Principles of admission process. The admission campaign in Ukraine starts every year in June with an external independent evaluation of school leavers. Admission process is based on available rating points, which are defined as the sum of points obtained by tests of external independent assessment, the average score of the certificate and additional points for outstanding academic achievements (winners of All-Ukrainian Olympiads, competitions of the Small Academy of Sciences, international competitions, etc.). Ukrainian entrants have the right to apply for admission to higher education institutions in paper or electronic form. Documents’ acceptance from applicants usually lasts during July.
Collecting and submitting documents. After the person has decided on the educational institution, it is necessary to submit a package of documents for obtaining the appropriate educational and qualification level, namely:
Enlistment. Enlistment of entrants for studing at the expense of the state budget and at the expense of individuals takes place in the first half of August. The conditions of admission to higher education institutions approved by the Ministry of Education and Science can be viewed at the following link.
The third step
Studying and internship. While studying at a higher educational institution, a person may be an internship in private and public organizations.
The fourth step
Obtaining a diploma. A person who has successfully completed the relevant educational program and passed the certification is issued a document on higher legal education at the appropriate levels. An integral part of the bachelor’s and master’s degree is the appendix to the European diploma, which contains structured information about the completed studies.
Registration in USLC. The person fills in standard-issue registration application and the questionnaire. After that, USLC provides a list of documents that should be scanned. The application is processed by specialists within 10 working days, as a result the conformity and authenticity of the submitted documents by the Department of Registers, which provides assistance in order to include the person to the relevant Register in the relevant professional field.
Inclusion in the register and creation of an office. Confirmation of registration of a Lawyer is Registration Authority Certificate. The next step is to include a person in the Register and to create an electronic account of a professional, with the keys for access. The result of the inclusion of a lawyer to the register is Certificate of Registration Professional Status.
The fifth step
Improvement of certification. Law courses and improvement of certification contribute to the development of professional skills in the field of law for future lawyers, prosecutors, attorneys, assistants of lawyer, legal analysts and many others. At the courses for lawyers you can get a diploma, certificate improvement of certification.
The sixth step. An access to specialized occupation.
HOW TO GET THE STATUS OF A LAWYER ABROAD?
List of documents to be submitted to the verification body:
In order to carry out a comprehensive examination and establish the equivalence of education, the foreign verification body makes a request to the Image Center to determine the fact of studying, university status and accreditation, average score, comparison of educational programs, etc.
Other requirements may include: an examination of knowledge of the the country’s legialation, the availability of practical experience for a specified period, a certain number of working hours, the presence of a license to operate in the country of origin of the candidate, and so on.
Fill out the form, indicating your profession in English.
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