The oil and gas industry has remained one of the most profitable sectors of the economy for decades, and the profession of “oilman” is regulated by law in Ukraine. This is confirmed by the provisions of the laws of Ukraine, bylaws. The Ukraine Supreme Legal Council is the national registration body that regulates the procedure for access to the profession in Ukraine. In order to master the profession of “oilman” and “oil engineer”, it is necessary to pass the appropriate curriculum of engineering and technical education in the relevant educational institution. As of today, registration with the USLC and vocational training are required for the following professions: oil engineer; oil geologist; oilman; explorer; planner; borer.
Engineering education is a part of the state-controlled system of specialized education that provides training for oil workers. The structure of engineering education in Ukraine includes: incomplete higher education, basic, higher education, complete higher education, postgraduate education. The legislation of Ukraine is based on the Constitution of Ukraine and consists of the laws of Ukraine “On Education”, “On Higher Education”, “On Scientific and Scientific-Technical Activities” and other regulations, international treaties of Ukraine. Acquisition of engineering education in Ukraine is carried out at the following levels and corresponds to the following qualification levels of the National Qualifications Framework (NQF):
Obtaining engineering education for mastering the profession of “oilman” is carried out in Ukraine through the implementation of educational programs in the areas of “Production and Technology” (Oil and Gas Engineering and Technology), “Geology” (Geology of Oil and Gas, Exploration of Oil and Gas Fields), Mechanics “(Equipment for oil and gas fields, Maintenance and repair of oil and gas fields),” Mining “Oil and gas production, gas and oil pipelines and storage facilities, operation of oil and gas wells, drilling of oil and gas wells, etc.” (Oil and gas refining).
Obtaining education at certain levels of higher education involves the successful implementation of the relevant educational program, is the basis for awarding the appropriate degree of higher education, namely: junior bachelor of engineering, bachelor of engineering; master engineer; Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering; Doctor of Engineering.
A junior bachelor of engineering is an educational-professional degree obtained at the initial level (short cycle) of higher education and awarded by a higher education institution as a result of successful completion of an educational-professional program, which amounts to 120-150 ECTS credits.
Bachelor of Engineering is an educational degree obtained at the first level of higher engineering education and awarded by a higher education institution as a result of successful completion of an educational and professional program by a higher education institution, the amount is 180-240 ECTS credits.
Master of Engineering is an educational degree obtained at the second level of higher engineering education and awarded by a higher education institution as a result of successful completion of the relevant educational program by the higher education applicant. The master’s degree in engineering is obtained by educational-professional or educational-scientific program. The volume of the educational-professional program of master’s engineer training is 90-120 ECTS credits, the volume of the educational-scientific program is 120 ECTS credits.
The Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering is an educational and the first scientific degree obtained at the third level of higher education on the basis of a master’s degree in engineering. The degree is awarded by a specialized academic council of a higher education institution or research institution as a result of successful implementation of the educational and scientific program and public defense of the dissertation. The volume of the educational component of the educational-scientific program of preparation of the doctor of philosophy in engineering makes 30 – 60 credits of ECTS.
Doctor of Technical Sciences is the second scientific degree obtained by a person at the scientific level of higher engineering education on the basis of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering and provides for the acquisition of the highest competencies in developing and implementing research methodology. The degree is awarded by a specialized academic council of a higher education institution or research institution based on the results of public defense of scientific achievements in the form of a dissertation or published monograph.
Doctor of Architecture is the second scientific degree obtained by a person at the scientific level of higher architectural education on the basis of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and involves the acquisition of the highest competencies in the development and implementation of research methodology. The degree is awarded by a specialized academic council of a higher education institution or research institution based on the results of public defense of scientific achievements in the form of a dissertation or published monograph.
A person who has successfully completed the relevant educational program and passed the certification is issued a document on higher engineering education at the appropriate levels. An integral part of the bachelor’s and master’s degree is the appendix to the European diploma, which contains structured information about the completed studies.
The quality assurance system of architectural education in Ukraine consists of:
More detailed information on the national system of higher education can be found on the website of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine.
To ensure the proper functioning of the professions of “oilman” and “oil engineer” as professions in Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine represented by the relevant ministries, namely the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, the national registration authority represented by the High Council of Lawyers of Ukraine, unions and independent self-governing organizations, the main activity of which is to assist specialists in the field in the implementation of their professional tasks. In addition to the general, the profession of “oilman” is regulated by specialized laws, where the regulatory bodies are also the trade unions of oil workers of the regions, the National Commission for State Regulation of Energy and Utilities, etc.
The HCJC functions as a national registration body that carries out activities aimed at registering the oil profession in Ukraine.
Acquired engineering education entitles the person / holder of the relevant diploma to be recognized as a specialist in the field. In order to obtain the status of an oilman, a person performs a number of actions, the list of which includes the primary registration in the HCJ.
Registration in the USLC is a procedure according to which a person who has successfully completed the educational program and mastered the key criteria for mastering the profession, has the right to apply to the registration authority for official registration of their professional status in Ukraine.
The USLC, as a registration body, conducts a relevant inspection of the documents submitted by a person for their compliance with current legislation and establishes a fact that has legal significance, namely, provides REGISTRATION OF PROFESSIONAL STATUS.
As of 2016, there was no single registration body in Ukraine that would provide a proper service on the confirmation of professional competence in the relevant professional field, registration of proper legal registration of relevant rights and reflection of the disciplinary status of the person to be decided.
Performance of functions of the registration body is provided by formation of the uniform structured base (Register) on a professional direction for the purpose of establishment of a universal way of confirmation of the declared information during employment, training, internship, etc.
The data of the register reflect information about the candidate, obtained qualification, registered right of professional activity in Ukraine, form of activity, as well as other important information. The path of a person who has expressed a desire to become an architect is quite difficult and consists of a number of steps. Consider in more detail.
Completion of school or college. Students can receive a full general secondary education in secondary and specialized schools, boarding schools, gymnasiums, lyceums, colleges and other general educational institutions with a third level of education. Complete general secondary education can also be provided by vocational and higher educational institutions of I-II levels of accreditation. Persons who have passed the state final attestation are issued a certificate of complete general secondary education. Graduates who have high academic achievements are awarded a gold medal – “For high academic achievements” or a silver – “For academic achievements” and receive a certificate of complete general secondary education with honors. Along with the certificate, an appendix to it is issued, which indicates the achievements of students in learning in points. 11th grade graduates who are not certified in at least one subject are issued a report card, in which such subjects are recorded “not certified (for)”. After graduation, graduates write an External Independent Assessment (a written exam in the form of testing in one or more of their chosen subjects required for admission to a higher education institution) in the subjects required for admission to a higher education institution. Subjects vary by the university itself, according to the requirements for admission.
Registration and preparation of external evaluation. Ensuring external independent evaluation is carried out by the Ukrainian Center for Educational Quality Assessment – in cooperation with local education authorities, regional institutes of postgraduate pedagogical education and educational institutions. A person who has completed or completed general secondary education in the current academic year and has registered in accordance with the established requirements may take part in the external assessment. To successfully register for an external independent evaluation, you must create and issue a registration card, create a set of registration documents and submit it to the person responsible for registration in the educational institution (for school leavers, students of vocational schools and colleges who are graduating this year. complete general secondary education) or send it to the relevant regional center for quality assessment of education (for graduates of previous years).
The set of registration documents must contain:
The registration card must be generated using a special service “Register”. To enter the specialties related to the acquisition of architectural education, the faculties of higher educational institutions, it is necessary to pass the external examination in such subjects as Ukrainian language and literature, mathematics and history of Ukraine. For more information on conducting an external independent evaluation, see the link.
Getting results. The result of the EIT is reflected in the certificate of the established sample, which provides information about the completed items and points obtained. External evaluation results are credited as entrance exams to a higher education institution. The average score of the document on complete general secondary education is also taken into account during the competitive selection to the university.
Principles of entry. The admission campaign to higher education institutions in Ukraine begins each year in June with an external independent evaluation of school graduates. Admission is based on available rating points, which are defined as the sum of points obtained by tests of external independent assessment, the average score of the certificate and additional points for outstanding academic achievements (winners of All-Ukrainian Olympiads, competitions of the Small Academy of Sciences, international competitions, etc.). Ukrainian entrants have the right to apply for admission to higher education institutions in paper or electronic form. Acceptance of documents from applicants usually continues during July.
Collection and submission of documents. After the person has decided on the educational institution, it is necessary to submit a package of documents for obtaining the appropriate educational and qualification level, namely:
Enrollment. Admission of entrants to study at the expense of the state budget and at the expense of individuals takes place in the first half of August. The conditions of admission to higher education institutions approved by the Ministry of Education and Science can be viewed at the following link.
Training and internship. While studying at a higher educational institution, a person may undergo an internship in private and public organizations and structures.
Obtaining a diploma. A person who has successfully completed the relevant educational program and passed the certification is issued a document of higher education at the appropriate levels. An integral part of the bachelor’s and master’s degree is the appendix to the European diploma, which contains structured information about the completed studies.
To carry out professional, a person must obtain a certificate of qualification level. The certificate of the specialist is issued after special preparation and acquisition by the candidate of certain experience of work in the field. It is issued by the Certification Architectural and Construction Commission.
Algorithm of registration for professional certification.
Ensure compliance with the qualification requirements for obtaining an architect’s certificate, namely: citizens who have obtained higher education at the educational and qualification levels of a specialist, master in the field of professional certification, have at least three years of experience in professional specialization are admitted to professional certification;
Send a package of documents by e-mail (in case of prior agreement) or by mail to the
Make payments to the State budget:
The submitted documents are considered and the decision to issue a qualification certificate or to refuse to issue it is made within a month. The date and time of preparation for the professional certification will be announced in working order by e-mail and by phone.
Citizens who have passed the professional certification are issued an appropriate qualification certificate.
The validity of the qualification certificate for persons who do not have a break in work in the specialty for more than three years and improve their skills in accordance with the law at least once every five years is not limited.
Registration in USLC. The person fills in the application for registration of the established sample and the questionnaire. After that, the HCJ provides a list of documents that need to be scanned. The application is processed by specialists within 10 working days, as a result the conformity and authenticity of the submitted documents is established by the Department of Registers, which provides support in order to include the person in the relevant Register in the relevant professional field.
Inclusion in the register and creation of an office. Confirmation of registration of the architect is the document Registration Authority Certificate. The next step is to include a person in the Register and create an electronic office of a professional, with the provided access keys. The result of the inclusion of the oilman in the ERDPS is a document: Certificate of Registration Professional Status.
Certification training. Courses and advanced training contribute to the development of professional skills in the field for future oilman. At the courses you can get a diploma, certificate or certificate of advanced training. In addition, the profession profile requires skills and abilities to work with specialized computer programs.
Step 8. Access to a specialized profession
HOW TO GET ACCESS TO THE PROFESSION ABROAD?
The conditions of access to the profession are determined by the provisions of the national legislation of each state.
Labor or educational immigration is accompanied by the need to ensure compliance, for example, with the requirement of recognition of education received abroad, passing a qualifying examination or having professional experience. The result that indicates access to a regulated profession is obtaining a permit – a certificate confirming the right of a person to conduct professional activities. There is a general process of access to the regulated profession, which aims to obtain such a document.
Each country has a Registration Authority that issues permits, ensures that candidates’ qualifications meet educational and professional standards, and coordinates qualification and state exams. The first step to obtaining a permit to carry out a professional activity is to select a person of the country, to get acquainted with the requirements for the regulated profession and to determine the Registration Authority regulating its activity.
When applying to the Registration Authority, a person fills in and submits an application form for obtaining a permit to carry out professional activities. After that, the candidate will be provided with a list of documents required for submission to obtain a permit to carry out professional activities. The first point will be the provision of recognized educational documents obtained abroad.
Verification. Recognition of education.
The process of verifying educational documents is an important step in gaining access to a regulated profession. The procedure is carried out by the Verification Organizations or their authorized structural subdivisions. Paying attention to the fact that each country has its own Verification Organizations, we suggest you read their list at the link ENIC-NARIC.
Verification, as a procedure, includes verification of such documents as diplomas, documents on postgraduate education, certificates of advanced training. In addition, information on the experience gained and other documents related to professional activities are checked.
In order to carry out the procedure, the Verification Organization needs certificates and documents containing information on the content and duration of education within which the foreign educational qualification was obtained. List of documents required for submission to the Verification Organization:
A person can submit documents by sending the originals by mail, or ordering such a service online. For online verification, documents (scanned copies of originals) can be uploaded to a private electronic profile. After downloading, the candidate is sent an invoice to pay for the service or, in the case of mailing, the documents are sent together with confirmation of payment.
Recognition of education received abroad is a confirmation by the Verification Organization of the quality of foreign educational qualifications. The process aims to determine the equivalence of educational programs by establishing the authenticity of documents, confirming the status of the educational institution, educational program.
To comprehensively verify and establish equivalence, a foreign verification organization makes a request to the National Information Center for Academic Mobility of Ukraine to determine the fact of education, status and level of accreditation of an educational institution, generalized average score, comparison of curricula, etc. As a result, the Verification Organization issues a conclusion recognizing foreign education as equivalent to the country’s educational standards. In case of non-compliance of certain items, the document confirms the information about the differences of educational programs, which should be compensated by additional training or courses.
Confirmation of speech competence.
After successfully obtaining the conclusion of the Verification Organization on the recognition of education and establishing its equivalence, the conclusion of which is transmitted to the Registration Authority, the next step is to confirm knowledge of a foreign language of a certain level. The list of language exams, their structure, cost, dates and the possibility of preparing for them can be found at the link.
It should be noted that the Registration Authorities have set certain requirements, such as a minimum passing score. In addition, the results of some international language exams are valid for a limited time.
Passing the qualifying exam.
The qualifying examination aims to test the professional competencies of the candidate required for practical skills. Such an examination is intended to assess the level of preparation of the candidate for his professional activity.
In addition, other requirements of the Registration Authority may include: a test of knowledge of the laws of the country, practical experience for a certain period, a certain number of hours worked, a license to operate in the country of origin of the candidate, and so on.
Access to the profession.
The result of confirmation of successful fulfillment of the necessary requirements of the Registration Body is the issuance of a permit for professional activity. This stage is accompanied by finding an employer and obtaining a visa or work permit.
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